In order to evaluate the tin whisker growth on pure tin and tin lead plated capacitors Johanson Dielectrics performed tin whisker testing on various sizes of capacitors using iNEMI and JESDA121 test methods.

The following samples were tested:

  • 0805 X7R Pure Matte Tin Finish with nickel barrier
  • 1210 X7R Pure Matte Tin Finish with nickel barrier
  • 1210 X7R Tin Lead Finish with 5% minimum lead content (same lot as pure tin part)
  • 1812 X7R Pure Matte Tin Finish with nickel barrier

Two different tests were performed:

  1. Temperature Cycle Test:
    Temperature Cycle per JESD22-A104 Test Condition A Soak Mode 3 1000 cycles SEM inspections per JESD22-A121. The parts are temperature cycled from -55C to 85C, with a minimum of 10 minutes soak time at the minimum and maximum temperatures.
  2. Temperature Humidity Test:
    4000 hours at 60 C and 93% relative humidity per iNEMI recommendations.
Inspection of whiskers:

The capacitors were inspected by SEM before and after each test at 250 and 2500 magnification.

The parts were evaluated to the requirements of Class 2 devices as stipulated by iNEMI 'Tin Whisker Acceptance Test Requirements', July 28, 2004, paragraph 18.2.3. The maximum acceptable whisker length is 40 um.

The whisker length reported is the total axial whisker length as per JEDEC standard JESD22A121 definition 3.1. Although only whiskers of 10um or greater in length are classified as 'true' whiskers as per JEDEC standard JESD22A121 definition 3.2, whiskers of all lengths are reported below.

Part DescriptionNumber of parts testedTemp Cycling (1000 cycles)Temp Humidity (4000 hrs)Meets iNEMI Class 2C(ref)
0805 Pure Tin154No Wiskers PresentYes
1210 Pure tin9141Yes
1812 Pure Tin917No Wiskers PresentYes
1210 Tin Lead9No Wiskers PresentNo Wiskers PresentYes

0805 size pure tin 2500x magnification time 0
0805 size pure tin 2500x magnification time 0

0805 size pure tin 2500x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles
0805 size pure tin 2500x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles

0805 size pure tin 250x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles
0805 size pure tin 250x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles

1210 size pure tin 2500x magnification time 01210 size pure tin 2500x magnification time 0

1210 size pure tin 2500x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles1210 size pure tin 2500x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles

1210 size pure tin 250x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles1210 size pure tin 250x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles

1812 size pure tin 2500x magnification time 01812 size pure tin 2500x magnification time 0

1812 size pure tin 2500x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles1812 size pure tin 2500x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles

1812 size pure tin 250x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles1812 size pure tin 250x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles

1210 size tin/lead 2500x magnification time 01210 size tin/lead 2500x magnification time 0

1210 size tin/lead 2500x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles1210 size tin/lead 2500x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles

1210 size tin/lead 250x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles1210 size tin/lead 250x magnification 1000 Temperature Cycles

Notice: Specifications are subject to change without notice. Contact your nearest Johanson Dielectrics Sales Office for the latest specifications. All statements, information and data given herein are believed to be accurate and reliable, but are presented without guarantee, warranty, or responsibility of any kind, expressed or implied. Statements or suggestions concerning possible use of our products are made without representation or warranty that any such use is free of patent infringement and are not recommendations to infringe any patents. The user should not assume that all safety measures are indicated or that other measures may not be required. Specifications are typical and may not apply to all applications.